# Prediction Classes¶

ImageAI provides very powerful yet easy to use classes to perform Image Recognition tasks. You can perform all of these state-of-the-art computer vision tasks with python code that ranges between just 5 lines to 12 lines. Once you have Python, other dependencies and ImageAI installed on your computer system, there is no limit to the incredible applications you can create. Find below the classes and their respective functions available for you to use. These classes can be integrated into any traditional python program you are developing, be it a website, Windows/Linux/MacOS application or a system that supports or part of a Local-Area-Network.

======= imageai.Prediction.ImagePrediction =======

The ImagePrediction class provides you the functions to use state-of-the-art image recognition models like SqueezeNet, ResNet, InceptionV3 and DenseNet that were pre-trained on the the ImageNet-1000 dataset.This means you can use this class to predict/recognize 1000 different objects in any image or number of images. To initiate the class in your code, you will create a new instance of the class in your code as seen below

from imageai.Prediction import ImagePrediction
prediction = ImagePrediction()


We have provided pre-trained SqueezeNet, ResNet, InceptionV3 and DenseNet image recognition models which you use with your ImagePrediction class to recognize images. Find below the link to download the pre-trained models. You can download the model you want to use.

After creating a new instance of the ImagePrediction class, you can use the functions below to set your instance property and start recognizing objects in images.

• .setModelTypeAsSqueezeNet() , This function sets the model type of the image recognition instance you created to the SqueezeNet model, which means you will be performing your image prediction tasks using the pre-trained “SqueezeNet” model you downloaded from the links above. Find example code below

prediction.setModelTypeAsSqueezeNet()

• .setModelTypeAsResNet() , This function sets the model type of the image recognition instance you created to the ResNet model, which means you will be performing your image prediction tasks using the pre-trained “ResNet” model you downloaded from the links above. Find example code below

prediction.setModelTypeAsResNet()

• .setModelTypeAsInceptionV3() , This function sets the model type of the image recognition instance you created to the InecptionV3 model, which means you will be performing your image prediction tasks using the pre-trained “InceptionV3” model you downloaded from the links above. Find example code below

prediction.setModelTypeAsInceptionV3()

• .setModelTypeAsDenseNet() , This function sets the model type of the image recognition instance you created to the DenseNet model, which means you will be performing your image prediction tasks using the pre-trained “DenseNet” model you downloaded from the links above. Find example code below

prediction.setModelTypeAsDenseNet()

• .setModelPath() , This function accepts a string which must be the path to the model file you downloaded and must corresponds to the model type you set for your image prediction instance. Find example code,and parameters of the function below

prediction.setModelPath("resnet50_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels.h5")

• .loadModel() , This function loads the model from the path you specified in the function call above into your image prediction instance. Find example code below

prediction.loadModel()

parameter prediction_speed (optional) : This parameter allows you to reduce the time it takes to predict in an image by up to 80% which leads to slight reduction in accuracy. This parameter accepts string values. The available values are “normal”, “fast”, “faster” and “fastest”. The default values is “normal”
• .predictImage() , This is the function that performs actual prediction of an image. It can be called many times on many images once the model as been loaded into your prediction instance. Find example code,parameters of the function and returned values below

predictions, probabilities = prediction.predictImage("image1.jpg", result_count=10)


parameter image_input (required) : This refers to the path to your image file, Numpy array of your image or image file stream of your image, depending on the input type you specified.

parameter result_count (optional) : This refers to the number of possible predictions that should be returned. The parameter is set to 5 by default.

parameter input_type (optional) : This refers to the type of input you are parse into the image_input parameter. It is “file” by default and it accepts “array” and “stream” as well.

returns prediction_results (a python list) : The first value returned by the predictImage function is a list that contains all the possible prediction results. The results are arranged in descending order of the percentage probability.

returns prediction_probabilities (a python list) : The second value returned by the predictImage function is a list that contains the corresponding percentage probability of all the possible predictions in the prediction_results.
• .predictMultipleImages() , This function can be used to perform prediction on 2 or more images at once. Find example code,parameters of the function and returned values below

results_array = multiple_prediction.predictMultipleImages(all_images_array, result_count_per_image=5)

for each_result in results_array:
predictions, percentage_probabilities = each_result["predictions"], each_result["percentage_probabilities"]
for index in range(len(predictions)):
print(predictions[index] , " : " , percentage_probabilities[index])
print("-----------------------")


parameter sent_images_array (required) : This refers to a list that contains the path to your image files, Numpy array of your images or image file stream of your images, depending on the input type you specified.

parameter result_count_per_image (optional) : This refers to the number of possible predictions that should be returned for each of the images. The parameter is set to 2 by default.

parameter input_type (optional) : This refers to the format in which your images are in the list you parsed into the sent_images_array parameter. It is “file” by default and it accepts “array” and “stream” as well.

returns output_array (a python list) : The value returned by the predictMultipleImages function is a list that contains dictionaries. Each dictionary correspondes the images contained in the array you parsed into the sent_images_array. Each dictionary has “prediction_results” property which is a list of athe prediction result for the image in that index as well as the “prediction_probabilities” which is a list of the corresponding percentage probability for each result.

Sample Codes

Find below sample code for predicting one image

from imageai.Prediction import ImagePrediction
import os

execution_path = os.getcwd()

prediction = ImagePrediction()
prediction.setModelTypeAsResNet()
prediction.setModelPath(os.path.join(execution_path, "resnet50_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels.h5"))

predictions, probabilities = prediction.predictImage(os.path.join(execution_path, "image1.jpg"), result_count=10)
for eachPrediction, eachProbability in zip(predictions, probabilities):
print(eachPrediction , " : " , eachProbability)


Find below sample code for prediction multiple images

from imageai.Prediction import ImagePrediction
import os

execution_path = os.getcwd()

multiple_prediction = ImagePrediction()
multiple_prediction.setModelTypeAsResNet()
multiple_prediction.setModelPath(os.path.join(execution_path, "resnet50_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels.h5"))

all_images_array = []

all_files = os.listdir(execution_path)
for each_file in all_files:
if(each_file.endswith(".jpg") or each_file.endswith(".png")):
all_images_array.append(each_file)

results_array = multiple_prediction.predictMultipleImages(all_images_array, result_count_per_image=5)

for each_result in results_array:
predictions, percentage_probabilities = each_result["predictions"], each_result["percentage_probabilities"]
for index in range(len(predictions)):
print(predictions[index] , " : " , percentage_probabilities[index])
print("-----------------------")